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Macular Edema

When fluid builds up behind the macula (the central part of the retina), causing the area to thicken and enlarge, this is called macular edema. Damaged blood vessels are often the reasons why fluid can accumulate in this area. The condition is often associated with diabetics because of the ongoing damage that occurs to the blood vessels in the eyes, resulting in diabetic macular edema.   

Symptoms of Macular Edema

  • Wavy central vision
  • Blurry vision
  • Faded color perception
  • Vision loss 

Risk Factors for Macular Edema

  • Diabetes/diabetic retinopathy
  • Wet age-related macular degeneration
  • Inflammatory diseases (uveitis)
  • Previous eye surgery
  • Retinal vein occlusion

Treatment for Macular Edema

The right treatment will depend on the root cause and severity of your condition: 

  • Medications: steroids or anti-VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) injections to reduce the risk of abnormal blood vessel growth 
  • Anti-inflammatory treatments: corticosteroid treatments in the form of eye drops, oral medication or injections may help reduce inflammation
  • Laser treatment: laser burns are performed to stop leaks of fluid and blood or to shrink abnormal blood vessels
  • Vitrectomy: blood vessels, blood and scar tissue are removed from the vitreous gel in the eye

If you are experiencing any vision changes, contact our retina doctor in Reston, VA, to schedule a comprehensive eye exam to prevent permanent vision loss.

Our Location


Reston

12110 Sunset Hills Rd., Suite 50 LL
Reston, VA 20190

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